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Mustafa born in Salonika



Mustafa enters the Military Preparatory School in Salonika and is given the second name "Kemal" by his teacher.



Mustafa Kemal enters the Military High School at Manastir.



Mustafa Kemal enters the infantry class of the Military Academy in İstanbul.



Mustafa Kemal graduates from the Military Academy and goes on to the General Staff College.


January 11, 1905

Mustafa Kemal graduates from the General Staff College with the rank ofStaff Captain and is posted to the Fifth Army, based in Damascus.


October 1906

Mustafa Kemal and his friends from the secret society "Fatherland and Freedom." in Damascus.


September 1907

Mustafa Kemal transferred to Third Army and goes to Salonika.


September 13, 1911

Mustafa Kemal transferred to General Staff in İstanbul.


January 9, 1912

Mustafa Kemal successfully leads the Tobruk offensive in Libya.


November 25, 1912

Mustafa Kemal appointed Director of Operations. Mediterranean Straits Special Forces.


October 27, 1913

Mustafa Kemal appointed Military Attache in Sofia.


April 25, 1915

Allies land at Arıburnu and Mustafa Kemal stops their progress with his division.


August 9, 1915

Mustafa Kemal appointed Commander, Anafartalar Group.


April 1, 1916

Mustafa Kemal promoted Brigadier-General.


August 6-7, 1916

Mustafa Kemal wins Bitlis and Muş back from the enemy.


October 31, 1918

Mustafa Kemal becomes Commander, Lightning Group of Armies.


April 30, 1919

Mustafa Kemal appointed Inspector of 9th . Army based in Erzurum with wide powers.


May 16, 1919

Mustafa Kemal leaves İstanbul.


May 19, 1919

Mustafa Kemal lands in Samsun.


July 8, 1919

Mustafa Kemal resigns from the post of Inspector of 3rd . Army and from the army.


July 23, 1919

Mustafa Kemal elected Chairman of Erzurum Congress.


September 4, 1919

Mustafa Kemal elected Chairman of Sivas Congress.


December 27, 1919

Mustafa Kemal arrives in Ankara with the Excutive Committee.


April 23, 1920

Mustafa Kemal opens the Turkish Grand National Assembly in Ankara.


May 11, 1920

Mustafa Kemal is condemned to death by the government in İstanbul.


August 5, 1921

Mustafa Kemal appointed Commander-in-Chief by the Grand National Assembly.


August 23, 1921

The battle of Sakarya begins with Turkish troops led by Mustafa Kemal.


September 19, 1921

The Grand National Assembly gives Mustafa Kemal the rank of Marshal and the title Gazi (Victor).


August 26, 1922

Gazi Mustafa Kemal begins to lead the Great Offensive from the hill of Kocatepe.


August 30, 1922

Gazi Mustafa Kemal Paşa wins the battle of Dumlupınar.


September 10, 1922

Gazi Mustafa Kemal enters İzmir.


November 1, 1922

The Grand National Assembly accepts Gazi Mustafa Kemals proposal to abolish the Sultanate.


January 14, 1923

Mustafa Kemals mother Zübeyde Hanım dies in İzmir.


October 29, 1923

Proclamation of the Turkish Republic and Gazi Mustafa Kemal is elected First President.


August 24, 1924

Gazi Mustafa Kemal wears a hat for the first time at Sarayburnu in İstanbul.


August 9, 1928

Gazi Mustafa Kemal speaks at Sarayburnu on the new Turkish Alphabet.


April 12, 1931

Gazi Mustafa Kemal founds the Turkish Historical Society.


July 12, 1932

Gazi Mustafa Kemal founds the Turkish Linguistic Society.


June 16, 1934

The Grand National Assembly passes a law granting Gazi Mustafa Kemal the surname "Atatürk".


November 10, 1938

Atatürk passes away.